= Sport utility vehicle = A Ang **sport utility vehicle** (SUV) ay isang uri ng sasakyan. Ito ay itinayo bilang isang masungit na sasakyan para sa pagkarga ng mga kargamento at pasahero. Ang mga SUV ay orihinal na hindi idinisenyo upang maging matipid sa gasolina ngunit ang mga modernong disenyo ay nakakakuha ng mas mahusay na mileage ng gasolina. Noong 2014, mahigit limang milyong sasakyan ang benta sa US ng mga SUV. [1] == Hitsura[baguhin | baguhin ang pinagmulan] == Ang tipikal na SUV ay isang two-box na disenyo [2] Hindi tulad ng isang pickup truck (US term) na may bukas na cargo box ang SUV ay may nakapaloob na cargo/passenger compartment. [2] Ito ay may tuwid na upuan para sa lima hanggang pitong pasahero. [3] Ito ay may bukas na loob na walang baul. Madalas itong itinayo sa isang chassis ng pickup truck para sa kapasidad ng paghila, at karaniwang may four wheel drive. [3] Mga 15% lamang ng mga may-ari ng SUV ang nakakaalis sa kalsada. [4] Ayon sa manager ng brand ng Jeep Wrangler na si Kevin Metz, 60% ng mga may-ari ng Jeep Wrangler ay nag-off-road habang humigit-kumulang 80% ng mga may-ari ng Rubicon. [4] Ang isang katulad na klase ng sasakyan ay ang CUV crossover, isang karaniwang termino sa UK. Iyon ay binuo sa isang chassis ng kotse [5] Kadalasan ay gumagamit ito ng Unibody chassis sa halip na ang mas mabigat na body-on-frame na disenyo ng mga SUV. [5] Ang mga sasakyang crossover ay kadalasang mayroong all-wheel-drive sa halip na four-wheel drive. Karaniwang mas magaan ang mga crossover kaysa sa mga SUV at nakakakuha ng mas mahusay na mileage ng gasolina. Sa pangkalahatan, kapag tinutukoy ang isang SUV, marami ang may kasamang mga crossover. [5] Gayunpaman, hindi tama ang pagtukoy sa isang SUV sa isang frame ng trak bilang isang crossover. [5] == Kasaysayan[baguhin | baguhin ang pinagmulan] == Ang mga naunang SUV ay ginawa tulad ng mga light commercial at light wheeled military utility vehicle. Ang mga sikat na halimbawa ay ang World War Jeep (US), [6] at ang Land Rover (UK). [7] Ang terminong "sport utility vehicle"ay naging popular na paggamit noong huling bahagi ng 1980s. Hanggang noon, ibinebenta sila bilang mga station wagon. Ang isang maagang halimbawa ng pagbebenta ng isang sibilyan na off-roader bilang isang "utilidad sa sports"ay ang two-door pickup na bersyon ng 1966 Ford Bronco. [8] Noong 1974 ginamit ng Jeep ang terminong "(mga) utility vehicle"nang eksakto sa kanilang mga brochure para sa 1st generation na Jeep Cherokee == Palakasan sa labas ng kalsada[baguhin | baguhin ang pinagmulan] == Maraming uri ng off-roading sa USA ang nakasentro sa mga SUV Ang rockcrawling ay isang sikat na off-road sport. Ang mga sasakyang ginagamit para sa rock crawling ay karaniwang binago gamit ang iba't ibang mga gulong, suspensyon at gear ratios. Ang pag-crawl sa bato ay nangangailangan ng oras upang matuto at maaaring maging napakamahal. Karamihan sa mga rock crawler ay may mga full-time na trabaho at marami ang kumukuha ng mga sponsor upang tumulong sa mga gastos. [9]Ang layunin ay maipasa ang sasakyan sa mahirap na malapit sa imposibleng mga bato at lupain nang hindi ganap na nasisira ang sasakyan - Ang Camel Trophycompetition (1981–2000) was an annual 4x4 competition. The first Camel trophy was held on the Trans-Amazonian Highway, a 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) road across Brazil. Over the next eight years, the expeditions crossed Sumatra, Papua New Guinea, Zaire, Brazil, Borneo, Australia, Madagascar and Sulawesi before returning to the Amazon. After the first year the endurance event came to be dominated by specially equipped Land Rover vehicles. The Camel Trophy Owners Club is a group of people who collect ex-Camel Trophy vehicles. Jeep Jamboreeshave been held since 1953. [10]Jeep Jamborees are off-road excursions that travel historic and scenic trails across the US. In 2013 alone there were 32 events in various locations. [11]All models of Jeep enter the events and drivers range from first time off-roaders to seasoned veterans. Easter Jeep Safariis an annual event held at Moab, Utah. It has been held every year since 1967. [12]It runs for nine days ending on Easter Sunday and can have up to 1,000 vehicles of all kinds; not just Jeeps. [12]It uses up to 40 trails in the Moab area. Trails are rated from easy to difficult. King of the Hammersis a one-day 200+ mile endurance off-road race. [13]It combines desert racing and rock crawling. This race is held in February on Means Dry Lake at Johnson Valley, California USA. 2015 will be the 9th annual King of the Hammers event. [13]The vehicles are extremely modified and for off-road use only == Popularity[change | change source] == There are many reasons why SUVs have become popular. One reason is the comfort of their large cabins. Many models can carry almost as much as a minivan. Another reason is the driverhigher than other cars, giving better all-round vision. SUVs with truck frames are heavier (sometimes much heavier) than standard cars. Their size gives them an image of safety [14] Men aren't the only targets of SUV and CUV ads. For example, some ads for the Subaru Forester are deliberately aimed at women buyers [15] Roughly 35 to 40 percent of SUV buyers are women. [16] Ads commonly show SUVs driving across boulders or perched on a mountain peak. [17] Advertisers know that one important reason many people buy SUVs is image. [17] Practicality for larger families is a consideration. Not only can the vehicle take a family of five or six, plus luggage, but also the family dog (who often has a special compartment at the back). On the other hand, the vehicle doesn't fit standard parking spaces. That can be quite a problem in, for example, the UK. The alternative, when groups of more than four travel, is to take more than one standard size car == Other names[change | change source] == In Australia and Europe SUVs are often called 4 wheel drives ( **4X4 or 4WDs == References[change | change source] == |Wikimedia Commons has media related to |. Sport utility vehicle - ↑ Michael Wayland (2 January 2015). "SUVs, crossovers drive 2014 vehicle sales". The Detroit News. Retrieved 13 January 2015 - ↑ 2.0 2.1Jason Fogelson. "SUV—Sport Utility Vehicle". About.com. Retrieved 11 January 2015 - ↑ 3.0 3.1Caroline Baillie, Engineering and Society(San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2009), p. 293 - ↑ 4.0 4.1Melissa Eligul (20 November 2013). "Awesome Adventures News Blog". Awesome Adventures News. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015 - ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3"SUV vs. Crossover: What?s the Difference AutoTrader.com, Inc. Retrieved 13 January 2015 - ↑ "sport utility vehicle | automobile" Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2009-02-23 - ↑ Bradsher, Keith (2004) High and Mighty: SUVs—The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got That Way. PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-203-9 - ↑ "1966 Ford Bronco U-100 4-Wheel Drive models & features brochure". US: Ford. 1965. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018 - ↑ Patrick Hueller, Rock Crawling: Tearing It Up(Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2014), pp. 24–25 - ↑ Bob Carpenter (25 November 2014). "2014 BIG BEAR JEEP JAMBOREE". Fourwheeler Network. Retrieved 14 January 2015 - ↑Mead (3 December 2014). "The First Annual Roof of the Rockies Jeep Jamboree". Truck Trend. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015 - ↑ 12.0 12.1R. Buckley, Adventure Tourism(Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing, 2006), p. 424 - ↑ 13.0 13.1Nitto Tire (8 January 2015). "Nitto Tire Named Title Sponsor of 2015 King of the Hammers". GlobeNewswire. Retrieved 14 January 2015 - ↑ Keith Bradsher, High and Mighty: The Dangerous Rise of the SUV(New York: Public Affairs, 2003), p. xiii - ↑ Jack Solomon, Signs of Life in the USA: Readings on Popular Culture for Writers(Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012), p. 61 - ↑ Deborah Clarke, Driving Women: Fiction and Automobile Culture in Twentieth-Century America(Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007), p. 103 - ↑ 17.0 17.1Jean Kilbourne, Can't Buy My Love: How Advertising Changes the Way We Think and Feel(New York: Touchstone, 1999), p. 103