Is there a specific rule, or set of rules, that can be followed to know when to use each word? I have noticed that not is usually used with a verb, but I think that there sometimes are exceptions although I can't think of one now

At the linguistics conference, there wereThey're all grammatically "valid", but they all mean different things - and pragmatically / idiomatically, only the no / not / non-native speakers of Esperanto. version is likely to be used. Oct 1, 2015 at 13:36 no
## 2 Answers
*Not* is a negative adverb; *no* is a negative quantifier; *non*- is a negative prefix

Since negation is so important, thousands of idioms use each of these, among other negatives

Consequently there are
**lots** of exceptions to the general rules below. Non- is not a word, but a part of another word, usually a descriptive adjective:
non-lethal, non-professional, non-native, non-technical, non-playing
(The hyphen is optional.) Each of these mean "anything but-- anything that doesn't
you is non-lethal, anything that's not technical is non-technical, etc

This meaning contrasts with
un- and in-, which refer to opposites instead of complements. Nois half of the answer pair Yes/No, shading off vocally into Nah, Nuh-uh,and Uh-uh

But it can also quantify and negate any noun phrase:
Some blade of grass ~ No blade of grass; One who saw it ~ No one who saw it. Notis the general negator for verb phrases, including predicate adjectives and nouns

In a verb phrase,
notoccurs immediately after the first auxiliary verb

If there is no auxiliary verb in the verb phrase,
Do-Support supplies a form of do

Notis contracted whenever possible, with auxiliaries or subjects (especially pronouns):
He's not interested ~ He isn't interested; She doesn't like it, but not * She not likes it

Any of these negatives (and many others) can negate a sentence, changing its truth value

It's easy to switch between them, too; the sentences below all mean the same thing:
They allowed no phone calls. They didn't allow phone calls. No one allowed phone calls. Phone calls weren't allowed

1I was wondering why you hadn't answered this. And then as if by magic + Oct 1, 2015 at 14:37
Neither one. I would say
We need something that doesn't interfere with the image,because needdoesn't take a gerund complement clause. Aug 29, 2018 at 2:37
Re your comment, isn't "We need something not interfering with the image" grammatical even if considered as the elided variant of "We need something

_which isnot interfering with the image"? And what about the latter sentence('s grammaticality)? Mar 2, 2020 at 2:15
All of them have different usages and can quite clearly defined in that different contexts

Some example sentences for
As for the drink, there was no point in bringing that up

Carmen had given Josh no encouragement

Some examples sentences for
I'm not too keen on that decision

That I am not prepared to say

Some example sentences for
**non** as a prefix
After quite some time searching I couldn't find any rules in which those words obey to. As you can see in my linked sites though there are quite a few entries in which
**not** is before a verb and little of any others. This is hard to draw a conclusion to make a hard and fast rule

As you can see, it is quite defined in which each word is used. I can't think of any that could be used interchangeably at the moment. I'll accept suggestions to improve this.